Tuesday, June 11, 2024

What happens when aquamarine gets wet?

Aquamarine, a captivating gemstone belonging to the beryl family, is cherished for its stunning blue-green hues and remarkable clarity. Like other gemstones, aquamarine’s interaction with water can affect its appearance and durability. This article explores the nuances of aquamarine’s relationship with water, offering insights into cleaning methods, special care for treated stones, avoiding chemicals, storage tips, and professional maintenance.


Aquamarine Durability

Aquamarine, with a hardness rating of 7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale, is relatively durable compared to other gemstones. However, its durability is influenced by several factors, including its inherent physical properties, the presence of inclusions, and any treatments it has undergone. While aquamarine is resistant to scratching by many materials, it is not impervious to damage.


Aquamarine’s crystal structure makes it susceptible to chipping and cracking under sharp impacts. Although it is more resistant to abrasions than softer stones like opal or turquoise, it still requires mindful handling. This is especially true for jewelry pieces like rings and bracelets that are subject to daily wear and tear.

Effects of Water on Aquamarine

Water can impact aquamarine in several ways, though it is generally safe for the stone. Understanding the potential effects of water on aquamarine is essential for maintaining its beauty and longevity.

Physical Impact

Aquamarine is stable when exposed to water, meaning it does not undergo significant changes in appearance or structure when wet. Unlike porous stones such as turquoise or opal, which can absorb water and become discolored or damaged, aquamarine does not readily absorb moisture. This makes it suitable for everyday wear, even in environments where it might frequently get wet, such as while washing hands or in humid climates.

Chemical Reactions

While water alone is not harmful to aquamarine, exposure to chemically treated water or substances dissolved in water can be detrimental. Hard water, which contains high levels of minerals like calcium and magnesium, can leave deposits on the stone’s surface, dulling its shine over time. Similarly, water containing chlorine, such as in swimming pools, can potentially react with the stone or its setting, causing discoloration or damage.

Treated Stones

Many aquamarines on the market have been treated to enhance their color or clarity. Common treatments include heat treatment, which improves color, and irradiation, which also enhances color. These treatments can affect how the stone reacts to water and other environmental factors.

Heat-treated aquamarine is generally stable and safe to clean with water. However, stones that have undergone irradiation may be more sensitive to prolonged exposure to water, especially hot water. It is crucial to know whether your aquamarine has been treated and to follow specific care guidelines accordingly.

Cleaning Methods

Proper cleaning is essential to maintain the luster and brilliance of aquamarine jewelry. While water plays a crucial role in cleaning, it is important to follow the right techniques to avoid any damage.

Warm Soapy Water

One of the safest and most effective ways to clean aquamarine is with warm soapy water. Here’s how you can do it:

Prepare a Solution: Mix a few drops of mild dish soap with warm water in a bowl.

Soak the Jewelry: Place the aquamarine jewelry in the solution and let it soak for about 20-30 minutes.

Gently Scrub: Use a soft-bristled toothbrush to gently scrub the stone and the setting, paying attention to any crevices where dirt may accumulate.

Rinse Thoroughly: Rinse the jewelry under warm running water to remove any soap residue.

Dry: Pat the jewelry dry with a soft, lint-free cloth.

Ultrasonic Cleaners

Ultrasonic cleaners use high-frequency sound waves to clean jewelry and are generally safe for untreated aquamarine. However, if the stone has inclusions or has undergone certain treatments, the vibrations can cause damage. Always consult a jeweler before using an ultrasonic cleaner on aquamarine.

Avoiding Harsh Cleaners

Harsh chemicals, such as bleach, ammonia, or abrasive cleaners, should never be used to clean aquamarine. These substances can erode the stone’s surface, damage the setting, and diminish the stone’s natural beauty. Stick to mild soaps and clean water to ensure the gemstone remains in pristine condition.

Special Care for Treated Stones

As previously mentioned, many aquamarines are treated to enhance their color and clarity. Treated stones require additional care to ensure the treatments remain effective and the stone’s appearance is preserved.

Heat-Treated Aquamarine

Heat-treated aquamarine is generally stable, but it is still advisable to avoid exposing it to extreme temperatures. Sudden temperature changes, such as going from a hot environment to cold water, can cause thermal shock and potentially crack the stone.

Irradiated Aquamarine

Irradiated aquamarine, while safe for most day-to-day activities, can be sensitive to prolonged exposure to direct sunlight or heat. These conditions can potentially alter the enhanced color of the stone. It is best to store irradiated aquamarine in a cool, dark place when not in use.

Avoiding Chemicals

Chemicals found in everyday products can pose a risk to aquamarine. Understanding which substances to avoid can help prevent accidental damage.

Household Cleaners

Household cleaners often contain harsh chemicals that can be detrimental to aquamarine. Avoid wearing aquamarine jewelry while cleaning or using products like bleach, ammonia, or any cleaners containing abrasives. These chemicals can damage the stone’s surface and weaken the metal setting.

Personal Care Products

Products such as perfumes, lotions, and hair sprays contain chemicals that can accumulate on the surface of aquamarine, leading to a dull appearance. Apply these products before putting on aquamarine jewelry to minimize exposure.

Swimming Pools and Hot Tubs

Chlorine in swimming pools and hot tubs can react with aquamarine, especially if the stone is treated. To prevent potential damage, it is advisable to remove aquamarine jewelry before swimming or soaking in hot tubs.

Storage Tips

Proper storage is crucial to protecting aquamarine from damage and preserving its brilliance. Here are some key storage tips:

Separate Compartments

Store aquamarine jewelry in a fabric-lined jewelry box with separate compartments. This prevents the stone from coming into contact with harder gemstones or metal surfaces that could scratch it.

Soft Cloth or Pouch

If a jewelry box with separate compartments is not available, wrapping aquamarine jewelry in a soft cloth or placing it in a fabric pouch can provide protection. This method minimizes the risk of scratches and abrasions.

Avoid Humid Environments

While aquamarine itself is not adversely affected by humidity, metal settings can tarnish or corrode in humid conditions. Store aquamarine jewelry in a cool, dry place to keep both the stone and the setting in optimal condition.

Silica Gel Packs

Including silica gel packs in the storage area can help control humidity levels and prevent tarnish on metal settings. Silica gel absorbs moisture, creating a dry environment that is beneficial for preserving jewelry.

Professional Maintenance

Regular professional maintenance is essential to ensure the longevity and beauty of aquamarine jewelry. Professional jewelers have the expertise and tools to clean, inspect, and repair jewelry effectively.

See Also: Unveiling the Brilliance: The March 28th Birthstone

Annual Inspections

Have your aquamarine jewelry inspected by a professional jeweler at least once a year. The jeweler can check for loose settings, damaged prongs, and signs of wear that may require repair. Regular inspections can prevent minor issues from becoming major problems.

Professional Cleaning

In addition to home cleaning, periodic professional cleaning can help maintain the luster of aquamarine. Jewelers use specialized cleaning solutions and equipment that are safe for aquamarine, ensuring a thorough and effective clean.

Repolishing and Refinishing

Over time, aquamarine may develop minor scratches or lose some of its polish. Professional jewelers can repolish the stone, restoring its original shine and smoothness. They can also refinish metal settings, making the entire piece look like new.


If your aquamarine has undergone treatments like heat or irradiation, it may occasionally need re-treatment to maintain its enhanced color and clarity. Consult with a professional jeweler to determine if and when re-treatment is necessary.

Setting Repair and Replacement

The setting of aquamarine jewelry can wear down over time, potentially loosening the stone. Professional jewelers can repair or replace settings, ensuring the stone remains securely in place.

Preventative Measures

Professional jewelers can also provide advice on preventative measures to protect aquamarine jewelry. This may include recommendations for alternative settings, protective coatings, or customized storage solutions.


Aquamarine is a beautiful and relatively durable gemstone, but it requires proper care to maintain its brilliance and longevity. Understanding the effects of water on aquamarine, employing safe cleaning methods, and taking special care of treated stones are essential steps in preserving the stone’s beauty. Avoiding harmful chemicals, using appropriate storage solutions, and seeking regular professional maintenance can further enhance the lifespan of aquamarine jewelry. By following these guidelines, you can enjoy the captivating allure of aquamarine for years to come.

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Alice is a seasoned jewelry designer renowned for her exquisite creations that seamlessly blend artistry with elegance. With a passion for craftsmanship and an unwavering commitment to quality, Alice has established herself as a distinguished figure in the world of fine jewelry. Drawing inspiration from diverse cultures and artistic movements, Alice brings a unique perspective to her designs, creating pieces that transcend mere accessories to become timeless works of art. Her meticulous attention to detail and insistence on using only the finest materials ensure that each creation reflects not only her artistic vision but also a commitment to unparalleled craftsmanship. Having honed her skills through years of dedicated practice and a keen understanding of evolving trends, Alice is adept at translating her clients' desires into bespoke, one-of-a-kind pieces. Her portfolio encompasses a range of styles, from classic and timeless to avant-garde and contemporary, showcasing her versatility and ability to cater to a diverse clientele.

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