Sunday, July 21, 2024

The 7 Rarest Rubies in the World

Rubies, with their deep red hues and historical significance, are among the most coveted gemstones. Known for their rarity and beauty, the most exceptional rubies in the world have unique stories and qualities that set them apart. In this article, we will explore the seven rarest rubies, each a marvel of nature and a testament to the earth’s geological wonders.

1. The Sunrise Ruby

The Sunrise Ruby, a gemstone of legendary status, is considered the world’s most expensive ruby. Weighing 25.59 carats, this Burmese ruby is renowned for its “pigeon blood” color, a term used to describe the most vibrant and pure red hue found in rubies. Its name derives from a poem by the 13th-century Sufi poet Rumi, who compared the ruby’s beauty to the rising sun. The Sunrise Ruby achieved global fame when it sold for $30.42 million at a Sotheby’s auction in Geneva in 2015, setting a record price for any ruby ever sold. The ruby’s combination of exceptional color, clarity, and size makes it a true rarity among gemstones.

2. The DeLong Star Ruby

The DeLong Star Ruby, a mesmerizing star ruby weighing 100.32 carats, is famous for its distinct asterism—a star-shaped pattern that appears on the surface of the stone. This phenomenon occurs due to the presence of rutile inclusions within the ruby, which reflect light in a unique pattern. Originating from Sri Lanka, the DeLong Star Ruby was once part of a notorious heist in 1964 when it was stolen from the American Museum of Natural History. Fortunately, it was recovered months later in a daring police operation. Today, this ruby continues to captivate visitors with its intriguing history and remarkable visual effect.

3. The Liberty Bell Ruby

The Liberty Bell Ruby, carved into the shape of the iconic Liberty Bell, is the largest mined ruby in the world, weighing in at an astonishing 8,500 carats. This massive ruby was discovered in East Africa in the 1950s and later sculpted to honor America’s Bicentennial celebration in 1976. Despite its rough appearance, the Liberty Bell Ruby holds significant cultural and historical value. Unfortunately, this ruby was also the target of a theft in 2011, and its whereabouts remain unknown. The Liberty Bell Ruby’s sheer size and unique design make it an unparalleled piece among the world’s rarest rubies.

4. The Rosser Reeves Star Ruby

The Rosser Reeves Star Ruby is another star ruby that stands out due to its impressive size and quality. Weighing 138.7 carats, this Sri Lankan ruby is famed for its vibrant color and well-defined star pattern. The ruby was named after Rosser Reeves, an advertising mogul who donated the gemstone to the Smithsonian Institution in 1965. He often carried the ruby as a good luck charm, which he attributed to his professional success. The Rosser Reeves Star Ruby is one of the finest examples of a star ruby, showcasing the mesmerizing effect of asterism that makes such rubies rare and highly valued.

See Also: How much is a 3 carat burmese ruby worth?

5. The Neelanjali Ruby

The Neelanjali Ruby holds the title of the world’s largest double-star ruby, weighing 1,370 carats. This extraordinary gemstone features two distinct star patterns that appear when light hits the stone from different angles. The Neelanjali Ruby’s name means “blue lotus” in Sanskrit, reflecting its deep, rich color. This ruby has a storied past, once believed to be part of the crown jewels of the Hindu god Shiva, and later owned by an Indian maharaja. The double-star effect, combined with the ruby’s size and historical significance, make the Neelanjali Ruby a unique and rare gemstone.

6. The Hixon Ruby

The Hixon Ruby, a 196.10-carat gemstone from Myanmar, is celebrated for its exceptional clarity and rich red color. This ruby is one of the largest and finest quality rough rubies in the world. It was donated to the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County by Frederick C. Hixon in 1978. The Hixon Ruby is often displayed alongside other notable gemstones, allowing visitors to appreciate its natural beauty and geological significance. The purity and quality of the Hixon Ruby highlight the rarity of large, uncut rubies that retain such high standards of excellence.

7. The Alan Caplan Ruby

The Alan Caplan Ruby, also known as the “Mogok Ruby,” is renowned for its intense red color and substantial size of 15.97 carats. Originating from the famed Mogok Valley in Myanmar, this ruby is a prime example of the region’s ability to produce some of the world’s finest rubies. The ruby was named after Alan Caplan, a prominent gem dealer who owned the stone before it was sold at auction. The Mogok Valley has long been associated with high-quality rubies, and the Alan Caplan Ruby exemplifies the exceptional gemstones that have made this region famous. The ruby’s remarkable color and provenance contribute to its status as one of the rarest rubies in the world.

The Significance of Rubies in History and Culture

Rubies have captivated humanity for centuries, not only for their beauty but also for their cultural and historical significance. Throughout history, rubies have been symbols of power, wealth, and protection. In ancient India, rubies were referred to as “ratnaraj,” meaning “king of precious stones,” and were believed to protect warriors in battle. In medieval Europe, rubies were associated with nobility and were often used in royal regalia.

The mystical properties attributed to rubies have also played a significant role in their allure. Many cultures believed that rubies could cure ailments, bring good fortune, and even predict danger by changing color. The deep red hue of the ruby has often been associated with love and passion, making it a popular choice for engagement rings and romantic gifts.


Rubies, with their captivating beauty and rich history, continue to enchant collectors and gem enthusiasts worldwide. The seven rarest rubies highlighted in this article—each with its unique characteristics and stories—demonstrate the extraordinary nature of these gemstones. From the legendary Sunrise Ruby to the enigmatic Liberty Bell Ruby, these stones are more than just treasures; they are symbols of nature’s artistry and the enduring allure of one of the world’s most precious gems. As we look to the future, preserving the legacy of rubies will require a commitment to ethical practices and sustainable mining, ensuring that these remarkable gemstones remain a source of wonder for generations to come.

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